Ephesus (/‘eftses/;!”Il7] Greek: “Epeaos, translit. Ephesos; Turkish: Efes; may ultimately derive from Hittite:}}2E-ED], romanized: Apaga) was a city in Ancient Greecelll4] on the coast of lonia, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) southwest of present-day Selcuk in izmir Province, Turkey. It was built in the 10th century BC on the site
of Apasa, the former Arzawan capital,!°ll6l py Attic and lonian Greek colonists. During the Classical Greek era, it was one of twelve cities that were members of the lonian League. The city came under the control
of the Roman Republic in 129 BC.
The city was famous in its day for the nearby Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BC), which has been designated one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.!”] Its many monumental buildings
included the Library of Celsus and a theatre capable of holding 24,000 spectators.!
Ephesus was recipient city of one of the Pauline epistles; one of the seven churches of Asia addressed in the Book of Revelation;!°l the Gospel of John may have been written there;!’°l and it was the site of several 5th-century Christian Councils (see Council of Ephesus). The city was destroyed by the Goths in 263. Although it was afterwards rebuilt, its importance as a commercial centre declined as the harbour was slowly silted up by the Kiclikmenderes River. In 614, it was partially destroyed by an earthquake.
Today, the ruins of Ephesus are a favourite international and local tourist attraction, being accessible from Adnan Menderes Airport and from the resort town Kusadasi. In 2015, the ruins were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.